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ALEXANDER iii, EMPEROR OF RUSSIA

Wife + Descendants

Alexander III, Emperor of RussiaKing of Poland and Grand Duke of Finland from 13 March 1881 until his death in 1894. He was highly reactionary and reversed some of the liberal reforms of his father, Alexander II. Under the influence of Konstantin Pobedonostsev (1827–1907), he opposed any reform that limited his autocratic rule. During his reign, Russia fought no major wars; he was therefore styled "The Peacemaker."

 

Maria Feodorovna

Мария Фёдоровна

November 26, 1847 - October 13, 1928

Maria Feodorovna, known before her marriage as Princess Dagmar of Denmark, was a Danish princess who became Empress of Russia as spouse of Emperor Alexander III (reigned 1881–1894). She was the second daughter and fourth child of King Christian IX of Denmark (r. 1863–1906) and of Louise of Hesse-Kassel; her siblings included Queen Alexandra of the United Kingdom, King Frederick VIII of Denmark and King George I of Greece. Her eldest son became the last Russian monarch, Emperor Nicholas II of Russia - she lived for ten years after Bolshevik functionaries killed him and his immediate family in 1918.

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Alexander III, Emperor of Russia (1845-9

Alexander III

Александр III Александрович

March 10, 1845 - November 1, 1894

Grand Duke Alexander Alexandrovich was born on 10 March 1845 at the Winter Palace in Saint PetersburgRussian Empire, the second son and third child of Emperor Alexander II and his first wife Maria Alexandrovna (née Princess Marie of Hesse).

In disposition, Alexander bore little resemblance to his soft-hearted, liberal father, and still less to his refined, philosophic, sentimental, chivalrous, yet cunning great-uncle Emperor Alexander I, who could have been given the title of "the first gentleman of Europe". Although an enthusiastic amateur musician and patron of the ballet, Alexander was seen as lacking refinement and elegance. Indeed, he rather relished the idea of being of the same rough texture as some of his subjects. His straightforward, abrupt manner savoured sometimes of gruffness, while his direct, unadorned method of expressing himself harmonized well with his rough-hewn, immobile features and somewhat sluggish movements. His education was not such as to soften these peculiarities.

Offspring of Alexander III and Maria Feodorovna

The couple had six children (five of whom survived to adulthood).

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Grand Duchess Xenia Alexandrovna of Russia
(April 6, 1875 - April 20, 1960)

Married 6 August 1894, Grand Duke Alexander Mikhailovich of Russia (1866–1933); 11 Sep April 1919; had seven children

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Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia
(Dec 4, 1878 - June 13, 1918)

Married 16 October 1912, Natalia Sergeyevna Wulfert (1880–1952); had one child

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Grand Duchess Olga Alexandrovna of Russia
(June 13, 1882 - November 24, 1960)

Married 9 August 1901, Duke Peter Alexandrovich of Oldenburg (1868–1924); div. 16 October 1916; had no children.

Married 16 November 1916, Colonel Nikolai Kulikovsky (1881–1958); had two children